BRUSSELS, January 19, 2019 - On January 19, 2018, Peace Museum Romania was opened, for the first time, in Rm. Vâlcea (Romania). The idea of setting up the museum belonged to Magdalena Cristina BUTUCEA who collaborated in 2017 with the Vienna Peace Museum (Austria), during university scholarship.
The official opening of the museum was attended by peace activists from the United States, Austria, Afghanistan, France, and the founders of the Vienna Peace Museum, David and Elisabeth Blodgett.
PEACE MUSEUM ROMANIA - The first Peace Museum in South-Eastern Europe and the first Mobile Peace Museum in the world.
After the opening of the museum, numerous volunteer activities took place, both with high school students and in collaboration with the US Embassy in Romania and American Council For International Education, under the guidance of museum founder Magdalena Cristina BUTUCEA.
Collaborations with high schools in Râmnicu Vâlcea have also been completed, starting from March 2018, peace education classes, both among high school students, secondary and primary classes. Peace education courses were held weekly by the founder of the museum, Magdalena Cristina Butucea, on a voluntary basis.
We would like to mention some of the Colleges, from Rm. Vâlcea (Romania), that have agreed to undertake the Peace Education programs: ”Mircea cel Batran” National College, “Energetic” College, “Alexandru Lahovari” National College, etc.
In March 2018, for the first time, the article on the opening of the Romanian Peace Museum, in Rm.Valcea, appears in the International Museum of Peace Network Newsletter - INMP, and, at the same time, the recognition of the establishment of the first Peace Museum in South-Eastern Europe.
Peace Museum Romania has a permanent collaboration with the peace museums in the USA, Europe and Japan, and, in particular, with Peace Museum Vienna.
Also, in March 2018, the founder of the museum was invited to attend the INMP Hague Headquarters to present the museum and the state of the peace education project in schools and universities.
Starting from October 2018, the Peace Museum Romania had exhibitions and workshops for peace in Sibiu (Romania) and since November 1, 2018, in Alba Iulia (Romania).
- The purpose of setting up the Peace Museum in Romania
The main purpose of setting up the Peace Museum Romania - the widest possible dissemination of information on the concept of peace and peace education, study of peace and conflict.
III. Education Peace Objectives:
1) Explaining the specific terms of peace education;
2) Understanding the notion of peace and the opposite;
3) Identification and study of peace strategies;
4) Developing the pacification project as a civilization project;
5) Practicing the capacity to act in a pacifist spirit;
6) Constructive conflict resolution;
7) Explaining the notions of positive peace and negative peace;
Also, peace education follows:
enriching knowledge specific to global education;
the formation of skills and tools for understanding and solving local and global problems;
stimulate and promote the creative capacities of students by organizing exhibitions, competitions, artistic programs;
development of students' initiative spirit;
valorisation of the information obtained and organization in: maps, albums, panels, power point presentations, short film, etc;
Achievement of an exchange of experience between teachers, students, representatives of the local community and partners;
establishment of friendship and collaboration relations between students from different universities in the county / region / country;
Education for Peace defines a positive and integrated educational approach that seeks to promote values such as respect, freedom, justice, peace, equality, solidarity, through the formation and outsourcing of attitudes of self-respect, respect for others, interest in global issues, engagement and constructive action, social responsibility.
The knowledge frequently associated with peace education is embraced by the following concepts: conflict, peace, justice, power, social change and continuity, gender, ethnic group, ecology, interdependence, future. In general, knowledge must be presented in a manner that strengthens the link with reality:
- • from the local to the global level;
- • from the case / personal perspective to the collective one;
- • From emotional to rational.
Addressing these concepts involves the formation of the following skills: critical thinking, empathy, cooperation, social ability.
The pedagogical strategies commonly used in teaching peace education are distinguished by: student focusing, dialogue use, promoting knowledge sharing, critical thinking development, value promotion and attitudes formation, identifying community needs.
- local and national community.
Purpose of peace education:
Promote commitment and cooperation in addressing local and global vital issues;
Promoting and preserving peace for a sustainable development;
stimulate the participation of young generation, families, teachers, the whole community in peace education activities.
In a rule of law it is absolutely necessary to know the fundamental notion of peace, especially by the younger generation, and the significance of peace. We need to teach the young generation to become a peace-maker.
Peace education is an effective way of eliminating aggression, violence, and terrorism in the world.
Without peace there is no development, no human rights, no social peace.
We can achieved positive peace by eliminating hunger and poverty and by implementing sustainable social and economic programs.
Written by World Networks4Peace (WN4P)